What Is the Difference Between a Papillon and a Long Hair Chihuahua?

I have a papillon who gets confused for a chihuahua mostly because of lack of hair around her ears like other papillons have.

The Papillon is a small, friendly, elegant Toy dog of fine-boned structure, light, dainty and of lively action. Their body is slightly longer than their tail and their heads are small with a thick tapered muzzle. They are distinguished from other breeds by their beautiful ears. Papillons' ears can be either erect like butterfly wings (hence the name Papillon, which is French for butterfly) or dropped (Phalene, meaning night moth). The Papillon is very devoted to their masters, with a hearty spirit, making them desirable for show or companionship. Papillons hardy and usually long lived. They adapt to almost any climate and are comfortable in an apartment as well as the country. They make good travelers. They love to be with their family. They are friendly, happy and eager to please. The Papillon is excited, enthusiastic and eager to make new friends. They are playful and fun-loving. The Papillon ranks number one among Toy Dogs in obedience
Height: 8 – 11 inches.
Weight: 3 – 9 lbs.

The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog in the world and was named after the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. Chihuahuas are graceful, alert, swift-moving little dogs with a saucy expression. There are two distinct breed types, one with a long coat of soft texture, the other with a short coat. Identical otherwise, both can be whelped in the same litter. They have round apple-heads, large protruding eyes and a short, stout muzzle. Their bodies are slightly longer than they are tall, and ears are large and flaring. Although their bodies are fairly evenly-muscled, their bones are prone to injury due to their fragility. In the past they may have been considered rodents by their ancestral owners, who may have raised them for food! Now adored for their small size, the Chihuahua is a bright eyed, dainty dog who is perfect for apartment living. They do better with indoor living than outdoor living. Puppies are so small they can fit in your hand easily. Most breeders recommend adopting a Chihuahua puppy between the ages of 4 – 12 months as they will be more mature and agile and not so apt for injury
Height: 6 – 9 inches.
Weight: 1 – 6 lbs.
Long coat: Long, soft to touch, slight waviness is permissible. They have a lot of fringe and often have an undercoat. They have a large fringe on the neck and feathering on the tail, feet and legs.

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8 Responses to What Is the Difference Between a Papillon and a Long Hair Chihuahua?

  1. American Pit Bull Terrier Lover says:

    Well.. Chihuahua's and Papillions are two different breeds. Therefore, their personalities are different, and everything else..
    References :

  2. decbaby8303 says:

    not much i don't believe. i was on a website one day and i think it said that a short hair and papillon were mixed to get the long haired. i could be wrong, its happened before, but i believe thats what it said. so that could be why they look so similar.
    References :
    http://www.dog.com/Breeds/Breed.aspx?breed=76

  3. Abbie says:

    THey look similor but Papillions have more hair then long haired chihuahua, it doesnt matter, because both dogs are so cute!!!
    References :

  4. Alicia G says:

    They do look rather similar. Papillons aren't as well known as long haired chihuahuas so most people will see one and mistake it for a chihuahua. Papillons are just slightly larger and have longer hair then a long haired chihuahua.
    References :

  5. Mr. P's Person says:

    Papillions usually have longer coats and are a little larger. I have 2 long coat Chi's and a lot of people think she is a Pap, but she is pure bred Chi. A lot of people don't seem to even know there are such things as long coat Chi's where I live.
    References :

  6. Jessie Q says:

    The Papillon is a small, friendly, elegant Toy dog of fine-boned structure, light, dainty and of lively action. Their body is slightly longer than their tail and their heads are small with a thick tapered muzzle. They are distinguished from other breeds by their beautiful ears. Papillons' ears can be either erect like butterfly wings (hence the name Papillon, which is French for butterfly) or dropped (Phalene, meaning night moth). The Papillon is very devoted to their masters, with a hearty spirit, making them desirable for show or companionship. Papillons hardy and usually long lived. They adapt to almost any climate and are comfortable in an apartment as well as the country. They make good travelers. They love to be with their family. They are friendly, happy and eager to please. The Papillon is excited, enthusiastic and eager to make new friends. They are playful and fun-loving. The Papillon ranks number one among Toy Dogs in obedience
    Height: 8 – 11 inches.
    Weight: 3 – 9 lbs.

    The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog in the world and was named after the state of Chihuahua in Mexico. Chihuahuas are graceful, alert, swift-moving little dogs with a saucy expression. There are two distinct breed types, one with a long coat of soft texture, the other with a short coat. Identical otherwise, both can be whelped in the same litter. They have round apple-heads, large protruding eyes and a short, stout muzzle. Their bodies are slightly longer than they are tall, and ears are large and flaring. Although their bodies are fairly evenly-muscled, their bones are prone to injury due to their fragility. In the past they may have been considered rodents by their ancestral owners, who may have raised them for food! Now adored for their small size, the Chihuahua is a bright eyed, dainty dog who is perfect for apartment living. They do better with indoor living than outdoor living. Puppies are so small they can fit in your hand easily. Most breeders recommend adopting a Chihuahua puppy between the ages of 4 – 12 months as they will be more mature and agile and not so apt for injury
    Height: 6 – 9 inches.
    Weight: 1 – 6 lbs.
    Long coat: Long, soft to touch, slight waviness is permissible. They have a lot of fringe and often have an undercoat. They have a large fringe on the neck and feathering on the tail, feet and legs.
    References :
    http://www.puppydogweb.com/caninebreeds/papillons.htm
    http://www.puppydogweb.com/caninebreeds/chihuahu.htm

  7. AgilityRocks says:

    I think people are getting your Pap confused with a Chi because they've never seen a long hair Chi and a Pap side by side. If you had both to walk, I bet everyone would see the difference.

    I think it's easier to show the difference with pictures rather than quoting the standard. So, I found some pics to show the difference clearly. I used a sable long coat Chi and a sable Papillon that doesn't have fringe. Even without the fringe you can see the difference between the breeds:

    I don't know the Chi breed standard, but this is the head of a top winning Chihuahua:

    http://www.mistymeadowschis.com/Paperino/PaperinoheadOrvieto06web.jpg

    This is a really nice Papillon head. Even with no ear fringe, you can still clearly see the difference between a Pap and a Chi:
    http://www.aledapapillons.com/londyn01.jpg

    Also, this video shows a Chihuahua (early on) and a Papillon (after Dachsunds and before Poms)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f9DPKsq17cM

    As you can see, the Chi has an apple or domed head and very short muzzle. The ears are much smaller and pointier. The Papillon has a more "dog-like" head where nothing is really exaggerated except the ears, which are big and rounded.

    The body is also different. Chis are stockier. Papillons are taller but more refined (thinner) in bone.

    Personality wise they are also very different. Papillons aren't lap dogs. They are sportier and are well suited for a more adventurous home. They love agility and training. The Papillon is really known for being very versatile and athletic.
    References :

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